In recent years, increasing attention and resources have been brought to bear on the relationship between the environment and congenital diseases. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Congenital Diseases and the Environment | In recent years, increasing attention and resources have been brought to bear on.
Early detection of such problems can often prevent them from becoming more serious physical, intellectual, visual or auditory disabilities. Last reviewed: June People with Fragile X syndrome or Fragile X have intellectual disability, behavioural and learning challenges as well as certain physical characteristics.
Fragile X syndrome causes intellectual disability and other challenges. Early intervention and support helps children with Fragile X explore their abilities. The facts about fragile X syndrome are complicated, and parents and family members are invited to ask their doctor to refer them to a genetics clinic.
Cleft lip and cleft palate is when the lip or roof of the mouth doesnt close over properly. Children with cleft lip and palate need surgery and other therapy. Learn more here. Most cleft palates and cleft lips can be repaired so that appearance and speech develop normally. Information for parents with Chidlren 0 - 11 years. Pierre Robin syndrome is a birth defect which causes abnormally small lower jaw, downward displacement of the tongue, and cleft palate.
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Access quality information from pregnancy planning through to early parenthood Visit Pregnancy, Birth and Baby. General health Pregnancy and parenting. What is a congenital disorder?
Common congenital disorders Some congenital disorders are: cleft lip and cleft palate cerebral palsy Fragile X syndrome Down syndrome spina bifida cystic fibrosis heart conditions Testing for congenital disorders Testing for congenital disorders can be performed from 10 weeks of pregnancy onwards. Chorionic villus sampling CVS Chorionic villus sampling or CVS, is usually performed between 10 to 13 weeks of pregnancy when screening tests show that your baby may have a congenital disorder.
Amniocentesis This test is done after 15 weeks of pregnancy and may be done as an alternative to, or in addition to, CVS. Preventing congenital disorders If you have a personal or family history of a particular congenital disorder, you can have genetic tests before you become pregnant.
Other things you can do to try to prevent congenital disorders include: eating a healthy diet with enough vitamins and minerals, in particular folic acid , during the reproductive years taking folic acid tablets even before you become pregnant and for the first trimester of pregnancy avoiding alcohol , smoking and other drugs as these can harm your unborn fetus controlling diabetes and gestational diabetes avoiding exposure to environmental chemicals, such as pesticides or lead being vaccinated, especially against rubella Neonatal testing and assessment Once your baby is born, they will be examined in the first few days of life by a paediatrician and other health professionals to check for hearing problems, heart conditions, and blood, metabolism and hormone disorders.
Sources: Raising Children Network Tests in pregnancy. Opens in a new window. Raising Children Network Newborn screening. Raising Children Network Antenatal tests: chromosomal abnormalities and other conditions.
World Health Organization Congenital anomalies. These defects produce significant mortality and morbidity in the affected individuals, and families are affected emotional and financially. Also, society is impacted on many levels. Congenital anomalies may be reduced by dietary supplements of folic acid and other vitamins. Here, we review the evidence for specific roles of toxins alcohol, cigarette smoke in causing common severe congenital anomalies like CHDs, NTDs, and ocular defects.
We also review the evidence for beneficial effects for dietary supplementation, and highlight gaps in our knowledge, where research may contribute to additional benefits of intervention that can reduce birth defects. Extensive discussion of common severe congenital anomalies CHDs, NTDs, and ocular defects illustrates the effects of diet on the frequency and severity of these defects. Birth Defects Research Part C —, Volume , Issue 3. The full text of this article hosted at iucr. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account.
If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Swapnalee Sarmah Corresponding Author E-mail address: ssarmah iupui.
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